Figure: Corruption Perceptions Index 2013.
Transparency International just released its annual Corruption Perceptions Index for 2013 which measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 177 countries and territories, scoring them from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (not corruption).
The Corruption by Country profile provides an overview of Hungary’s perceived corruption environment. Transparency International also provides an interactive overview of Hungary’s National Integrity System.
Hungary’s ranking remained largely unchanged although it did receive one less point (54 instead of 55) to drop one place from 46th to 47th. However, the study fails to take into consideration the adoption earlier this year of a new law regulating political campaign finance.
The “Corruption Risks in Hungary 2011 – National Integrity Study” is Transparency International’s most recent in-depth assessment of Hungary’s corruption environment. While the report itself is over two years old its headline recommendations are still relevant:
“Political influence on independent institutions should be reduced.”
“More rigorous regulation on political funding is necessary.”
“Effective protection of whistle-blowers should be introduced.”
“An effective system of declarations of assets should be created.”
“A code of ethics, including rules on conflicts of interests, gifts, hospitality, lobby and post-employment restrictions should be established and implemented in all pillars of the NIS.”
“A consistent long-term anti-corruption program should be developed and implemented with special focus on prevention and education.”
Earlier this year Transparency International Hungary, K-Monitor (a watchdog for public funds), the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union (TASZ), and Átlátszó.hu (Hungary-based investigative journalism website), all quit an anti-corruption collaborative work group with the Ministry of Justice and Public Administration when Hungary’s parliament passed a last-minute law granting public entities the authority to refuse public information requests.