The EC has released economic and budgetary projections for the 28 EU Member States for the period 2013-2060 in the form of “The 2015 Ageing Report”
According to the report, the age structure of the EU population will change strongly in the coming decades due to the dynamics in fertility, life expectancy and migration. The overall size of the population is projected to be slightly larger by 2060 but much older than it is now. The EU population is projected to increase (from 507 million in 2013) up to 2050 by almost 5%, when it will peak (at 526 million) and will thereafter decline slowly (to 523 million in 2060).
According to the report, there are wide differences in population trends across Member States. While the EU population as a whole would be larger in 2060 compared to 2013, decreases of the total population are projected for about half of the EU Member States (BG, DE, EE, EL, ES, HR, LV, LT, HU, PL, PT, RO, SI and SK). For the other Member States (BE, CZ, DK, IE, FR, IT, CY, LU, MT, NL, AT, FI, SE and UK) an increase is projected. The strongest population growth is expected by EUROSTAT to be in Luxembourg (+111%) due to the projected very high net- migration, Belgium (+38%), Sweden (+36%), Cyprus (30%) the United Kingdom (+25%). The sharpest decline is expected in Lithuania (-38%), Latvia (-31%), Bulgaria (-25%), Greece (-23%) and Portugal (-22%)
Over the next 45 years the population of Hungary will decrease 19.4 percent from 9,778,000 to 7,878,000.
Hungarians between the age of 16 and 65 will decrease 29.9 percent from 6,232,000 to 4,368,000
Hungarians over the age of 65 will increase 12.6 percent from 2,036,000, or 20.8% of the population, to 2,331,000, or 27.4% of the population.
During this period the ratio of Hungarians over the age of 65 to those between the age of 16 and 65 will increase from 32.7% to 47%.